LICO, Lexicon for Italian COnnectives, includes about 170 discourse connectives used in Italian, together with their lexical and orthographic variants, syntactic category, semantic relation(s) (according to the Penn Discourse Treebank relation catalogue), and a number of usage examples. Browse LICO in this page, where you can also find connectives lexica for other languages.


  • Anna Feltracco

  • Denise Pangrazzi

  • Elisabetta Jezek

  • Bernardo Magnini

  • Manfred Stede

LICO is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License

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Publications or presentations containing research results obtained through the use of LICO should cite the following reference:

  • Feltracco Anna; Jezek Elisabetta; Magnini Bernardo; Stede Manfred. LICO: A Lexicon of Italian Connectives In: Proceedings of the Third Italian Conference on Computational Linguistics (CLiC-it 2016), Napoli, December 5-7, 2016.